As Embedded Intelligent Systems in an industrial context encompasses a wider class of systems than Embedded Systems in their most strict definition,
ARTEMIS-IA distinguishes the following three focus areas, that together create this wider and industrial context setting.
Embedded Systems are everywhere, built into roads, cars, trains, aeroplanes, medical devices, homes, offices and factories (industrial automation), payment systems, mobile phones and virtual reality glasses. Many high-tech industrial systems are classified as Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) because of the close interaction between computation, communication and control elements (the cyber part), and physical processes such as motion and vibration (the physical part).
The Internet of Things (IoT) is the network of physical objects (Things) – devices, vehicles, buildings and other items which are embedded with electronics, software, sensors, and network connectivity, which enables these objects to collect and exchange data. So, the Internet of Things interconnects the “Things”, with their Embedded or Cyber-Physical Systems inside, in networks of many devices – for example the car to the fixed road infrastructure or to the garage for maintenance purposes, the smart card to the banking and payment systems and use of public services.
The presence of internet provides the communication infrastructure which enables intelligent Things to exchange data and gather information. Life in our society, along with security and safety, will increasingly depend on Embedded & Cyber-Physical Systems.
The Internet of Things allows CPS objects to be sensed and controlled remotely across existing network infrastructures, creating opportunities for more direct integration of the physical world into computer-based systems, and resulting in improved efficiency, accuracy and economic benefit; when IoT is augmented with sensors and actuators, the technology becomes an instance of the more general class of Cyber-Physical Systems, which also encompasses technologies such as smart grids, smart homes, intelligent transportation and smart cities.
Digital Platforms are the supporting infrastructures to build the creation of the digital economy on, Digital Platforms consist of hardware infrastructure with software services for which interoperability is well defined and understood. Cloud services, API architectures, open-source strategies, mobile development platforms and Internet of Things are some of the ingredients from which Digital Platforms are built. Companies that are born digital, such as Google, Amazon and Alibaba, have long understood the power of digital technologies. But many of these companies’ most successful innovations are not products or services, but the platforms on which these products and services are built, and the business models that these platforms enable. Such platform-based business models fundamentally change how companies can do business. These platform based business models allow companies to create entire ecosystems that largely contribute to growth of the company and drive strategies. The platform has become the business model that is opening up entirely new growth opportunities for companies. While digital-born companies have successfully mastered platform strategies, the opportunity is now opening up to every company in every industry. Digital Platforms are the enablers for the rapid digitisation of industry.